មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលធនធានធម្មជាតិ និងបរិស្ថាន (មធប)
Center for Natural Resource and Environment (CNRE)
The Environment Unit is conducting a number of policy-oriented research, including on climate change and gender empowerment, resilience, green development, contract farming in the Lancang-Mekong region, water diplomacy of the Mekong Basin, and the impact of climate change programs in Cambodia,The results of the researches were published in the Cambodia Development Review of CDRI, peer-reviewed international journal articles, and the research reports.
The unit conducted seven research projects (one completed and six ongoing) between January to December 2019, produced two CDR reports, three journal articles, one research report and attended seven workshops and four training sessions on the themes of gender and climate resilience, water, agriculture, contract farming, the Belt and Road Initiative, research proposals and preparation for climate change research projects, and disaster risk management.
All the conducted research was independent and objectively provided reliable information or data and input for decision makers to make relevant policies, especially contributing to the Royal Government of Cambodia’s rectangle strategies on Angle 4: inclusive sustainable development, sustainable management of natural resources and culture, ensuring environmental sustainability, and primitive response to climate change.
Ongoing research projects with supported funds, team leader, and themes:
Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA)
1. Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction (Mr Nong Monin)
The project focuses on climate change responses and best practices that suit different local settings across the water and agriculture sectors. The team finished the data collection in Battambang, Prey Veng, Kampot, and Preah Vihear provinces.
2. Gender-based Climate Change Adaptation in Local Cambodian Communities (Mr Nong Monin, Ms Chhaing Marong, Ms Duong Sivmuy)
The objectives of the study are to provide evidence-based research on the gender-based vulnerability to climate change in 10 villages in Cambodia. The research objectives are: to understand the root causes of gender-based vulnerabilities to climate hazards in two provinces in coastal, flood-prone, and drought zones in Cambodia; and to identify existing coping strategies of women and men and how intra-household decision making power relations influence the decisions around which coping strategies to employ.
3. Valuation of Ecosystem Services in Community-based Ecotourism for Forest Conservation and Livelihood Improvement (Dr Lonn Pichdara, Ms Nhong Sodavy)
The objectives of the study are to conduct a valuation study direct values of forest ecosystems in contribution to local livelihood (e.g. monthly income from forest and ecotourism, job creation), and the indirect values of forest ecosystems (e.g. water supply, carbon storage, and storm protection) in two eco-tourism sites: Chambok in Kampong Speu province (forest and waterfall attraction) and Sopheakmitt in Preah Vihear province (Cambodia-Laos Mekong Waterfall).
UNDP, Bangkok Regional Hub
1. Impact of Climate Change Programs in Cambodia: Vulnerability, Poverty, and Gender (Dr Lonn Pichdara, Mr Nong Monin, Ms Chhaing Marong, Ms Duong Sivmuy)
The main objectives of this action research were to:
● Collect lessons learned of two climate change programs on climate change resilience at the community level, and how these programs affect different populations, including vulnerable groups.
● Generate research that informs the implementation of the new rural development programs (RDP) and rural strategic development programs (RSDP), which incorporate climate change, and to make recommendations to improve these documents. Specifically,
the project will assess the impacts of two projects: improved access to a climate-resilient rural road in Kampong Cham province, part of the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) program; and improved access to clean water and sanitation in Kampong Thom province, part of the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA) program.
Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC)
1. Contract Farming in the Lancang-Mekong region (Mr Chhim Chhun, Ms Chhaing Marong)
A regional research project consisting of four countries: China, Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia. The objectives of the study area are to understand the context of contract farming and its operation in the region, and to share the lessons learned among study countries.
2. Water Diplomacy of the Mekong Basin: Toward a Shared Basin for Prosperity (Dr Lonn Pichdara, Mr Nong Monin, Ms Nhong Sodavy, Ms Chhaing Marong)
This a two-year research project funded by Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC). The main objectives are:
a) to analyse the approach to address water problems in China, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam
b) to identify challenges in water negotiation and the policy options required to address them
c) to influence decision-makers and mainstream policy to achieve sustainable development in individual countries and the Mekong Basin as a whole, and
d) to improve the capacity, awareness, and commitment of key stakeholders at all levels, and advance academic knowledge at universities through integrating research findings into teaching/training materials on sustainable development.