Working Paper   44

Costs and Benefits of Cross-border Labour Migration in the GMS: Cambodia Country Study

Author(s): CHAN Sophal

Published: 01-Dec-2009
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Khmer PDF (2)


Most Cambodian migrants travel by illegal or informal routes, mainly to Thailand, as the legal option is costly and inconvenient. Government agencies face a huge challenge in managing this growing labour migration. Since the creation of productive jobs does not keep pace with the number of new entrants to the labour force, the pressure to emigrate in search of employment is likely to increase. This study, as part of a regional study by the GMS-Development Analysis Network (now GMS-Net), provides an overview of trends and major issues of labour migration in Cambodia with a focus on the financial costs and benefits for individuals, households and communities.

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