Author: EAM Phyrom, PhD - June , 2015
Eam, P. (2015). Faculty involvement in research activity at Cambodian public higher education institutions: Trends, patterns and key characteristics. International Journal of Comparative Education and Development, 17(2), 97-114.
Abstract: The conceptual foundation underpinning this present study lies in the conclusions of previous empirical works that define research activities in higher education sector of developing countries to be of small quantity, of low quality, lacking of needed supports and infrastructure, and lacking of research-capable human resources. Through the lenses of this conceptual supposition, this article aims to describe research settings at Cambodian universities in an explicit and comprehensive account. The study has two-fold specific objectives: to examine the current trends and key characteristics of research undertakings at Cambodian universities and to observe the pattern differences on the level of involvement in research activities with respect to certain faculty’s background variables. Descriptive statistics and some non-parametric statistical tests were employed to analyze survey data from 299 faculty members of five reportedly research-engaged public universities in Cambodia. Findings revealed a very inactive tendency of Cambodian faculty to involve in all observed research activities, especially (and worryingly) in the sphere of research production. Also, it was detected that the level of involvement in research activities was significantly lower among faculty working at province-based universities, part-time faculty and those with low research preference. These findings point to some practical consideration for the future sustainable development of academic research atmosphere of Cambodian higher education.
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Paper presented at the Conference The Changing Academic Profession in Asia: Teaching, Research, Governance and Management. Hiroshima: RIHE.