Through comparison with other countries in Asia, this paper analyses the patterns of hunger and malnutrition in Cambodia and possible pathways to ensure the country’s future food security. In the face of increased inequality and high population growth, Cambodia has managed to make considerable progress in reducing hunger and malnutrition especially in rural areas. Since 1993, staple food production has more than doubled and poverty has dropped by more than one third. The prevalence of child malnutrition has declined at a similar rate and the percentage of undernourished people has dropped even faster. The paper suggests also a number of key questions that need more research.