The garment industry in developing countries suffered huge disruptions during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, with economic and social consequences that continue today. In addition to the direct effect of lockdowns, which decreased exports, the industry was severely impacted by its reliance on global imports of fabrics, raw materials and accessories. Although recovery is well underway, some businesses have closed, and most households have suffered significant financial and social harm. Effects on mental health have also been considerable. Some of the greatest negative impacts have been borne disproportionately by women. There are lessons to learn and to plan for similar crises in future. The researchers examined the impact of the pandemic and the process of recovery, with particular attention to the significance of gender issues. The focus on the garment industry was one aspect of a wider project entitled “The Impact of COVID-19 on Inclusive Development and Governance: Rapid and Post-Pandemic Assessment in the CLMV” funded by Canada’s International Development Research Center.