More than two thirds of Cambodia’s manufacturing companies have experienced growth and transformation over the past five years. This increase in complexity and sophistication requires high-skilled workers and vocational skills development (VSD) programmes play important roles in the transformation of companies in Cambodia. Pre-employment VSD programmes can be a prerequisite for entry-level high-skilled jobs because fresh Cambodian graduates usually have no industry-specific working experience, while in-employment VSD programmes are mostly related to industry-specific skills. Unfortunately, most VSD programmes are not likely to cater to lower skilled workers, who constitute the majority of Cambodian workers. Nevertheless, these workers must participate in VSD programmes to develop both technical and soft skills as Cambodia aims to upgrade its position in global value chains.
This policy brief can be accessed through this link: zenodo.org.