The Agriculture Unit continued its work on rural livelihoods improvement, rural socioeconomic development, and trade and macroeconomic policy impacts on agricultural growth, with a focus on the implications of regional rice policy for Cambodian farmers. Research findings also provide clearer evidence of how regional agricultural trade contributes to improve livelihood of rural Cambodian farmers.
In 2017-18, of the nine projects undertaken, three were completed.
Rice Policy Analysis: Implications of Rice Policy Changes in Vietnam for Cambodia’s Rice Policy and Rice Producers in South-Eastern Cambodia was funded under the Lower Mekong Public Policy Initiative. This study explores the effects of Vietnam’s new rice policy on rice production, farm income and poverty in provinces bordering Vietnam. It assesses the potential of new rice production practices that can respond to changes in supply and demand, prices and marketing channels, and provides a set of policy options for government to help rice farmers avoid income shocks. The findings were shared at a national consultation workshop and several regional workshops and policy forums. The research outputs, which are documented in a book chapter, a CDRI working paper and policy brief, will contribute to rural development in both Cambodia and Vietnam.
Irrigated Agriculture in Cambodia, a study backed by the Australian National University, concluded with a special report which has been published on CDRI’s website and an article on the intensification of rice and livestock farming in the the Cambodia Development Review. This research outlines the benefits, costs and risks of a pronounced shift in Cambodia’s food production from flood recession farming to regulated, irrigated agriculture. To that end, it considers food production and nutrient supply, land, water and energy requirements, and household nutrition security under three farming systems: intensive (double rice) cropping and more sustainable integrated (rice-fish-bovines, and rice-fish-vegetables) farming.
Final Evaluation of the Arbitration Council Foundation (ACF) Project, a commissioned work to measure the ACF’s progress against the 2014 baseline study, assess the project’s overall relevance, effectiveness, impact and sustainability.